This short chapter gives an initial account of topography. It also provides an analysis of the general's proclivities:
And so for the general there are five dangers.
Resolved to die, one can be killed.
Resolved to live, one can be captured.
Quick to anger, one can be goaded.
Pure and honest, one can be shamed.
Loving the people, one can be aggravated.
All five are the excesses of the general,
A calamity in employing the military.