Victorian London : Mapping the Emergence of the Modern Art Gallery



Printed Sources

The Commercial Gallery System

Boime, Albert, “Entrepreneurial Patronage in Nineteenth-Century France,” in Enterprise and Entrepreneurs in Nineteenth- and Twentieth-Century France, ed. Edward C. Carter, et. al. Baltimore and London: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1976. 137-207

Chu, Petra ten-Doesschate. “The Lu(c)re of London: French Artists and Art Dealers in the British Capital.” In Monet’s London: Artists’ Reflections on the Thames 1859-1914. Exh. cat. St. Petersburg, Florida: Museum of Fine Arts, 2005. 39-54

Fletcher, Pamela M. “Creating the French Gallery: Ernest Gambart and the Rise of the Commercial Gallery in Mid-Victorian London,” Nineteenth-Century Art Worldwide Volume 6, no. 1 (Spring 2007).

Fletcher, Pamela. “Shopping for Art: The Rise of the Commercial Art Gallery, 1850s-90s.” In The Rise of the Modern Art Market in London 1850-1939. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2011. 47-64.

Fletcher, Pamela. “The Grand Tour on Bond Street: Cosmopolitanism and the Commercial Art Gallery in Victorian London,” Visual Culture in Britain, 12, no. 2 (July 2011): 139-152.

Gee, Malcolm. Dealers, critics, and collectors of modern painting: aspects of the Paris
art world.  New York: Garland Publishing, 1981.

Goldstein, Malcolm. Landscape with Figures: A History of Art Dealing in the United States. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000.

Green, Nicholas. “Dealing in Temperaments: Economic Transformation of the Artistic Field in France during the Second Half of the Nineteenth Century.” Art History 10, no. 1 (March 1987): 59-78

Green, Nicholas. “Circuits of Production, Circuits of Consumption: The Case of Mid-Nineteenth-Century French Art Dealing.” Art Journal 48, no. 1 (Spring 1989): 29-34.

Jensen, Robert. Marketing Modernism in Fin-de-Siècle Europe. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1994.

O’Doherty, Brian. Inside the White Cube: The Ideology of the Gallery Space. San Francisco and Santa Monica: The Lapis Press, 1976.

Ward, Martha. “Impressionist Installations and Private Exhibitions,” Art Bulletin 73, no. 4 (December 1991): 599-622.

White, Harrison C. and Cynthia A. White, Canvases and Careers: Institutional Change in the French Painting World. New York: John Wiley and Son, 1965.

The London Art Market and Exhibition Culture

Altick, Richard D. The Shows of London. Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap Press, 1978.

Barlow, Paul and Colin Trodd, eds. Governing Cultures: Art Institutions in Victorian London. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2000.

Bayer, Thomas M. and John R. Page. The Development of the Art Market in England:  Money as Muse, 1730-1900.London:  Pickering & Chatto, 2011.

Codell, Julie. “Artists’ Professional Societies: Production, Consumption, and Aesthetics.” In Towards a Modern Art World, ed. Brian Allen. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1995. 169-87.

David W. Galenson and Robert Jensen, “Careers and canvases:  The rise of the market for modern art in nineteenth-century Paris.” Current Issues in 19th-Century Art, Van Gogh Studies I (2007).

Gillett, Paula. Worlds of Art: Painters in Victorian Society. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers University Press, 1990.

Fletcher, Pamela and Anne Helmreich, eds. The Rise of the London Modern Art Market in London, 1850-1939. Manchester:  Manchester University Press, 2011.

Lippincott, Louise. Sellling Art in Georgian London: The Rise of Arthur Pond. New Haven and Yale: Yale University Press, 1983.

Macleod, Dianne Sachko. Art and the Victorian Middle Class: Money and the Making of
Cultural Identity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996.

Ormrod, David. “The Origins of the London Art Market, 1660-1730.” In Art Markets in Europe, 1400-1800, eds Michael North and David Ormrod. Aldershot: Ashgate, 1998. 167-86.

Pears, Iain. The Discovery of Painting: The Growth of the Interest in the Arts in England, 1680-1768. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1988.

Robins, Anna Gruetzner. Modern Art in Britain 1910-1914. London: Merrell Holbertson in association with Barbican Art Gallery, 1997.

Solkin, David, ed. Art on the Line: The Royal Academy Exhibitions at Somerset House 1780-1836. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2001.

Tedeschi, Martha. “‘Where the Picture Cannot Go, the Engravings Penetrate’:  Prints and the Victorian Art Market.” In Objects of Desire, Victorian Art at the Art Institute of Chicago, special issue of Museum Studies 31 (2005): 9-19.

Warren, Jeremy and Adriana Turpin. Auctions, Agents and Dealers, The Mechanisms of the Art Market 1660-1830. Oxford:  The Beazley Archive and Archaeopress in association with the Wallace Collection, 2007.

Waterhouse, Giles, ed. Palaces of Art: Art Galleries in Britain 1790-1990. London: Lund Humphries, 1991.

Whiteley, Jon. “Exhibitions of Contemporary Painting in London and Paris 1760-1860.” In Saloni, gallerie, musei e loro influenza sullo sviluppo dell’arte dei secoli XIX e XX. (Atti del XXIV Congresso Internazionale di Storia dell’Arte, VII). Ed. Francis Haskell Bologna, 1981. 69-87.

Studies of Individual Galleries and Dealers in London

Agnew, Geoffry. Agnews, 1817-1967. Great Britain: Bradbury Agnew Press, 1967.

Agnew, Julian et al. Agnew’s 1982-1992. London:  Endeavour, c. 1992.

Art, Commerce, Scholarship, A Window onto the Art World, Colnaghi, 1760-1984. London:  P. & D. Colnaghi, 1984.

Bayer, Thomas M. and John Page. “Arthur Tooth: A London Dealer in the Spotlight, 1870-71.” Nineteenth-Century Art Worldwide 9, no 1 (Spring 2010).

Casteras, Susan P. and Colleen Denney, eds. The Grosvenor Gallery: A Palace of Art in Victorian England. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1996. 147-58.

Faberman, Hilarie. “‘The Best Shop in London:’ The Fine Art Society and the Victorian Art Scene.” In The Grosvenor Gallery: A Palace of Art in Victorian England, ed. Susan P. Casteras and Colleen Denney. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1996. 147-58.

Ford, J. Ackermann, 1783-1983:  The Business of Art. London: Ackermann, 1983.

Helmreich, Anne. “The Art Dealer and Taste: The Case of David Croal Thomson and the Goupil Gallery, 1885-1897.” Visual Culture in Britain 6, no. 2 (Autumn 2005): 31-49.

Helmreich Anne and Ysanne Holt, ‘Marketing Bohemia: The Chenil Gallery in Chelsea, 1905-1926’. Oxford Art Journal  (Spring, 2010).

Maas, Jeremy. Gambart: Prince of the Victorian Art World. London: Barrie and Jenkins, 1975.

Newall, Christopher. The Grosvenor Gallery Exhibitions: Change and Continuity in the Victorian Art World. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 1995.

Retail History

Adburgham, Alison. Shops and Shopping 1800-1914. London: George Allen and Unwin, 1964.

Adburgham, Alison. Shopping in Style. London: Thames and Hudson, 1979.

Alexander, David. Retailing in England during the Industrial Revolution. London: University of London, The Athlone Press, 1970.

Alexander, Nicholas and Gary Akehurst, “Introduction: the Emergence of Modern Retailing, 1750-1950,” Business History 40, no. 4 (October 1998): 1-15

Benson, John and Laura Ugolini, eds. A Nation of Shopkeepers: Five Centuries of British Retailing. London and New York: I. B. Tauris, 2003.

Lancaster, Bill. The Department Store: A Social History. London and New York: Leicester University Press, 1995.

Rappaport, Erika. Shopping for Pleasure, Women in the Making of London’s West End. Princeton:  Princeton University Press, 2000.

Winstanley, Michael J. The Shopkeeper’s World, 1830-1914. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1983.

Online Resources

ARTL@S: A socio-spatial history of arts and literature

BRANCH: Britain, Representation and Nineteenth-Century History

Correspondence of James McNeill Whistler. Centre for Whistler Studies, University of Glasgow, 2003-10.

Exhibition Culture in London 1878-1908, University of Glasgow.

Map of John Snow’s London in 1859, UCLA Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health.

Nines: Nineteenth-century Scholarship Online


How to cite:
Pamela Fletcher and David Israel, London Gallery Project, 2007; Revised September 2012.

Bowdoin College

Bowdoin College web site:

Search | A - Z Index | Directory